FAQ Blake UK and PROception Amplifier RED Compliance
What is RED?
RED (Radio Equipment Directive - 2014/53/EU)  is a directive that applies across the EU including the UK and effects all manufacturers, distributors and installers of relevant product. The RED replaces the Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive but has extended its scope to include receivers including TV and Radio Broadcast
What aspects of equipment does RED cover?
The RED along with other directives which include the low Voltage Directive  requires equipment to comply with a high level of electrical safety; with an adequate level of electromagnetic compatibility; and to operate in a manner that promotes efficient use of the radio spectrum.
What equipment does it effect?
RED applies to all equipment that intentionally transmits or receives radio waves. This includes ALL domestic TV signal amplifiers, which must as a minimum meet the requirements of EN 303 354 V1.1.1 (2017-03) , Amplifiers and active antennas for TV broadcast reception in domestic premises; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU.
What shows me an amplifier is RED compliant?
The product must have an EU Declaration of Conformity (DoC) and affix the CE marking. The DoC can either be in included in the product or referred to an online version.
THERE IS NO OFFICIAL RED LOGO stating products are compliant other than the CE mark.
The LTE logo shown here is popular on products BUT DOES NOT indicate compliance to RED.
Check for the DoC and separate manufacturers compliance.
Liability and Enforcement of RED(Taken from an OFCOM Slide presented at the CAI Trade Show May 2018)
What are the performance tests specified in EN 303 354?
- Amplifier gain and flatness. Ensures that an amplifier achieves the stated gain and is flat within ±2dB across the frequency response.
- Noise Figure.The degradation of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) resulting from amplifier.
- Amplifier inter-modulation. The ability of the amplifier to cope with numerous signals including LTE interference.
- Return Loss. The degree of mismatch that causes reflected signals at the amplifier's inputs and outputs.
- Selectivity.The effectiveness of any inbuilt filter.
There are different classes in RED, what do they mean?
The classes have been produced to fit the varying requirements of the TV transmitter changeover caused by the reallocation of broadcast spectrum to Mobile Phones.
- Class 0 - Not filtered. This was decided upon in part due to the varying timescales for implementation of LTE across the EU, it allows suitable filters to be used for the local environment.
- Class 1& 2 - For future use when LTE takes over the 700 MHz band and may also be below 470MHz.
- Class 3 - 15dB inbuilt LTE filter but not for use in channel 60 areas.
- Class 4 - 15dB LTE filter allowing use of channel 60.
Class 3 v Class 0.
Class 3 products do not pass Ch 60 without severely degraded reception. Prior to 2020 there were still 121 transmitters using this frequency. Locally to Sheffield Belmont services 710,00 homes and still in 2020 used channel 60. Whilst this is not long term it still means that the consumer will lose channels they potentially had before a RED class 3 amplifier was installed.
The specification for inbuilt filters on Ch 59 amplifiers is only 15 dB of LTE protection, but for the at800  standalone filter, supplied free if you have interference, it is 22-26 dB. There are filters on the market that have 40 dB of rejection. Considering that in some cases LTE signals can be 20 dB greater than TV signals, then in these cases the internal filter is not giving an adequate rejection and an external filter would also be required giving more noise! It would be much better to fit a class 0 amplifier with an appropriate external filter in the first place.
Class 0 amplifiers allow use of channels 61-68 for the distribution of locally modulated services such as CCTV, hotel in house video and, in a domestic situation, for the distribution of signals such as Sky TV from the RF2 port of the Sky receiver (which are set at Ch 68 by default) or by using an add on IO link. Currently, the UHF band used for TV has only 40 channels. With up to 9 muxes per transmitter, and signals from adjacent transmitters being visible, it can be difficult to find a clear channel to carry locally modulated signals. Unlike classes 1-4, a class 0 amplifier gives access to the LTE bands (channels 61-68) for local signals, provided that adequate filtering is used to suppress any LTE signals that may be received.
Class 3 will be superseded with Class 1 in the UK from 2020 onwards.
Facts and FiguresThe internal immunity of our products is excellent, in some cases over 15dB higher than the pass mark! The noise level of the amplifiers is significantly lower than one with a filter, in tests some 2.5dB better!
PROception Products and RED
Amplifiers sold by Blake UK are compliant with the Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU and meet the harmonised standard EN 303 354 for Class 0. As such they work on ALL current UK DTT channels up including 60. They are compliant to current electrical safety and EMC regulations. They are extremely resilient to interference and overloading, and cope with multiple carriers and promote efficient use of the radio spectrum.In cases of strong LTE interference, a separate LTE filter should be fitted. These are supplied free by at800, or higher performance models can be purchased from www.blake-uk.com. (To pass channels up to and including channel 59 use proLTE1/59C, or if channels 58 and 59 are not required, use proLTE1/57F). Please note: Most of the Blake amplifier designs were suitable for RED well before the 2017 implementation. Stocks in the market pre-RED implementation do not carry any DoCs but are still compliant as they were placed on the market prior to the requirement to do so. Stocks sold later have the DoC. Blake have introduced the logo below on product to indicate compliancy and to which RED classification for future products.